Last updated April 8th, 2024 at 02:14 pm

Everyone and everything seems to have an enemy, including wine. I’m not talking about climate change and the shift in consumer behavior in terms of drinking wine, albeit those too are enemies but rather the everyday, common enemies of wine many of which people unknowingly allow to enter their glass. I’m referring to how wine is stored – its temperature and light exposure can make or break the bottle. I’ve written about this before but on my last trip to Belize the enemies of wine were in my glass – everywhere! So lets hammer these out so you can avoid inviting them into your home (or vacation). Keep reading for recommendations on different ways and products to store your wine at home.

How to store your wine at home
Photo by Elaine Schoch

Wine 101: How to Store Wine at Home

Temperature Is Key When Storing Wine

When storing your wine at home temperature is the most important factor. If it’s too cold or too hot your wine will know the difference…and you will pay the price with how it tastes. Most wines are ready to drink when they are bottled and do not require aging. That said, if you store your wines at room temperature – what most people think is 70-80 degrees – it will age faster. The warmer temperature speeds up the aging process of the tannins in the wines. (Anything over 68 degrees Fahrenheit is too hot for storing wine at home.) If you store your bottles in a wine fridge or wine cellar, it cools things down in the bottle and will slow the aging process.

When aging your wine for a long period of time, you don’t want to just use the counter or the regular fridge. You want to make sure to store your wines are at the optimal temperature -generally 50 – 59 degrees Fahrenheit.

When you’re serving your wines, you do not want you red wines to be higher than 68 degrees Fahrenheit, if so, you will taste more of the burn in the alcohol and heavier tannin. If you’re someone who has a few bottles on a winerack in the living room, just put the bottle in the fridge for 20 minutes before you serve it to get the temperature down to a tastier level.

Avoid the Light

While UV rays are needed on the vineyards, they’re totally not when wine makes it to the bottle. UV rays from the sun can damage the flavors in bottled wine so avoiding bright lights and sunlight are important. This is why so many people store wine in a darkened cellar or basement.

Store Horizontally

Keeping your wine stored horizontally so the liquid is touching the cork is supposed to prevent the cork from drying out, which would then allow air to enter the bottle and kill the wine. Keep in mind if wines with screw caps don’t need to be kept horizontal. But storing bottles horizontally is a pretty efficient use of space screw cap or not.

Avoid Vibrations

Avoid moving your wine around a lot as to minimize vibrations. Why? When you move wine around a lot it can distribute the sediments in the wine, dulling the taste. I personally don’t think this it too much of an issue since it would take a lot of movement to shake up your wine. Just to be safe, maybe don’t store your wine on top of – or next to – your Sonos speaker or guitar amp.

5 Ways to Preserve Taste & Value When Storing Wines at Home

I purchased my first wine fridge 13 years ago at Home Depot. I vividly remember the guy in his orange apron helping me load it saying, “who needs a fridge that holds 30 bottles of wine?” I paused thinking, “is this fridge going to be big enough?” I have since learned a lot about how to store wine at home – like doubling or tripling your wine storage capacity. That 30-bottle wine fridge wasn’t enough…

The most important thing when it comes to storing wine at home is how to maintain its taste and value. A wine fridge is great for this but there are other storage options for all different levels of wine lovers. It’s easy to create a functional space in your home where you can store your wine while matching your existing space, style and decor. Here are a few wine storage basics you need to know.

To be candid, I’m not someone who “collects” wine. I like to drink my wine. With that said, not all the wine I purchase on my trips to wine country are ready to sip when I get home. They need to age… I also buy a lot of wine on my travels to store at home because it’s not wine I can find/buy outside the winery or it has limited production. When you find a wine you love – grab a bottle plus a case.

These wine storage tips are designed to be flexible and accommodate what’s best for your budget, space and general needs.

How to store wine at home - new air wine fridge
Photo by Elaine Schoch

Options for Storing Wine at Home

Wine Racks

My first home wine storage system consisted of a six-bottle wine rack sitting on top of a blue bookcase in my apartment. For smaller spaces or for wine you plan to sip sooner rather than later, wine racks work just fine. You can purchase wine racks for various prices and there are many styles to choose from. Depending on your space and storage needs, they range from holding six to eight bottles to over 20 bottles. For those with limited space, take a look at wine racks that hang on the walls. Not only do they add a cool, decorative feel to the space but it’s an efficient way to store your wine at home.

Wine Fridge or Wine Cooler

A wine fridge is a great option when you’re looking to have bottles on hand for a dinner or cocktail hour. If you plan on storing only a few bottles, a wine cooler would work for you as well. The main difference between these two appliances is size, and their prices can vary depending on the purchase.

To help reduce your energy usage – yes, we’re all about trying to be sustainable wineos here – place your wine fridge in a cool place, away from direct sunlight. This will help the appliance to not have to work so hard. It will also reduce your monthly energy bills.

Wine Cabinet, Room, or Wine Cellar

If you want to focus on collecting fine wine, a more optimal storage solution will be necessary. (Most wine doesn’t require ageing as it’s ready to drink within a few years of being bottled.) Having a wine cabinet, modified wine room, or wine cellar added to your home is a great investment! The best part is it will help preserve the quality of your wine and can be fun decorative addition.

These last options can be more expensive but will add value to your home. The investment of both the cellar and preserving the value of your wine will be well worth it when you’re sipping wine from your last trip to wine country. The price point for building a wine room or cellar ranges based on the size of the space. Most custom builders will price things out per bottle. If this is the route you’re looking to go down, I’d start with talking to Wine Racks America or Wine Spectator.